1.1      Background to the Study

Job satisfaction and employee motivation are critical factors influencing the performance and overall well-being of non-teaching staff in higher education institutions. As essential contributors to the administrative and operational functions, the non-teaching staff at the University of Lagos play a pivotal role in the university's success. Understanding their levels of job satisfaction and motivation is crucial for promoting a positive work environment, enhancing productivity, and ultimately fostering the university's growth. This introduction provides an overview of the significance of job satisfaction and employee motivation within the context of the non-teaching staff at the University of Lagos.

Job satisfaction refers to the subjective feelings and attitudes employees have toward their jobs, encompassing various facets such as work conditions, colleagues, and recognition. On the other hand, employee motivation relates to the internal and external factors that drive individuals to achieve their work-related goals and tasks. In the context of the University of Lagos, the non-teaching staff's satisfaction and motivation are intricately linked to their job performance, commitment, and overall organizational effectiveness. Research suggests a positive correlation between job satisfaction and motivation, as content and motivated employees tend to exhibit higher levels of job satisfaction (Locke, 1976; Herzberg, Mausner, & Snyderman, 1959).

Higher education institutions, including universities, often present unique challenges for non-teaching staff members. These challenges may include bureaucratic structures, workload pressures, and the complexity of university administration. Addressing these challenges requires a nuanced understanding of how job satisfaction and motivation interplay among non-teaching staff members. The University of Lagos, as a reputable institution, provides an interesting context for exploring these dynamics within the Nigerian higher education system.

Despite the importance of job satisfaction and employee motivation, there is a paucity of research specifically focusing on non-teaching staff in Nigerian universities, including the University of Lagos. This study aims to bridge this gap by investigating the factors influencing job satisfaction and motivation among non-teaching staff at the University of Lagos. Understanding the unique aspects of their work experiences, as well as identifying areas for improvement, can inform strategic interventions and policies that contribute to a positive work environment and, consequently, enhance the overall performance of the institution.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The non-teaching staff at the University of Lagos constitutes a critical workforce responsible for the efficient functioning of various administrative and support services. However, there is a noticeable dearth of research specifically addressing the factors influencing job satisfaction and employee motivation within this vital segment of the university's personnel. Existing studies primarily focus on academic staff or generalize findings to the broader work environment, overlooking the unique challenges and dynamics faced by non-teaching staff in the higher education context. This study aims to address this research gap by delving into the specific factors shaping job satisfaction and motivation among the non-teaching staff at the University of Lagos, providing a comprehensive understanding of their work-related experiences and contributing to the development of targeted strategies for organizational improvement. Top of Form

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1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine Job satisfaction and employee motivation among non-teaching staff of University of Lagos. Specific objectives of the study are:

  1. 1.  To assess the Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction among non-teaching staff of the University of Lagos.
  2. To examine the impact of job satisfaction on employee motivation.
  3. To identify Areas for Organizational Improvement in the University of Lagos

1.4 Research Questions

To guide the study and achieve the objectives of the study, the following research questions were formulated:

  1. 1.  What are the Factors Influencing Job Satisfaction among non-teaching staff of the University of Lagos?
  2. What is the impact of job satisfaction on employee motivation?
  3. What Organizational Improvements can be made in the University of Lagos with regards to job satisfaction and employee motivation?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The following research hypothesis was developed and tested for the study:

Ho: There is no statistical significant relationship between job satisfaction and employee motivation.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study is important for many reasons. The following are the major stakeholders this paper through its practical and theoretical implications and findings will be of great significance:

Firstly, the paper will benefit major stakeholders and policy makers in the human resource sector. The various analysis, findings and discussions outlined in this paper will serve as a guide in enabling major positive changes in the industry and sub-sectors.

Secondly, the paper is also beneficial to the organizations used for the research. Since first hand data was gotten and analysed from the organization, they stand a chance to benefit directly from the findings of the study in respect to their various organizations. These findings will fast track growth and enable productivity in the organisations used as a case study.

Finally, the paper will serve as a guide to other researchers willing to research further into the subject matter. Through the conclusions, limitations and gaps identified in the subject matter, other student and independent researchers can have a well laid foundation to conduct further studies.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study is delimited to the University of Lagos. Findings and recommendations from the study reflects the views and opinions of respondents sampled in the area. It may not reflect the entire picture in the population.

1.8 Limitations of the Study

The major limitations of the research study are time, financial constraints and delays from respondents. The researcher had difficulties combining lectures with field work. Financial constraints in form of getting adequate funds and sponsors to print questionnaires, hold Focus group discussions and logistics was recorded. Finally, respondents were a bit reluctant in filling questionnaires and submitting them on time. This delayed the project work a bit.

1.9 Organization of the Study

The study is made up of five (5) Chapters. Chapter one of the study gives a general introduction to the subject matter, background to the problem as well as a detailed problem statement of the research. This chapter also sets the objectives of the paper in motion detailing out the significance and scope of the paper.

Chapter Two of the paper entails the review of related literature with regards to corporate governance and integrated reporting. This chapter outlines the conceptual reviews, theoretical reviews and empirical reviews of the study.

Chapter Three centers on the methodologies applied in the study. A more detailed explanation of the research design, population of the study, sample size and technique, data collection method and analysis is discussed in this chapter.

Chapter Four highlights data analysis and interpretation giving the readers a thorough room for the discussion of the practical and theoretical implications of data analyzed in the study.

Chapter Five outlines the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the study. Based on objectives set out, the researcher concludes the paper by answering all research questions set out in the study.