1.1 Background to the Study

In the dynamic landscape of Nigeria's construction industry, the role of corporate governance has become increasingly pivotal in shaping the trajectory of companies operating within this sector. The construction industry, being a vital contributor to the nation's economic development, relies on effective corporate governance practices to ensure sustainable growth, financial stability, and ethical business conduct. Corporate governance, broadly defined as the system by which companies are directed and controlled, plays a crucial role in mitigating risks, enhancing transparency, and fostering accountability within construction firms. Sullivan, 2000.

Nigeria, like many other developing nations, has recognized the importance of corporate governance in fostering a business environment that attracts investments and ensures long-term viability. In the context of construction companies, the impact of corporate governance extends to various dimensions, including project management, stakeholder engagement, and compliance with regulatory frameworks. The effectiveness of corporate governance mechanisms significantly influences the ability of construction companies to attract funding, form strategic partnerships, and navigate the complex challenges inherent in the industry. As such, an exploration of the impact of corporate governance on construction companies in Nigeria is essential to understand how these practices contribute to the sectors overall health and sustainability. Rwegasira, 2000.

This introduction seeks to delve into the unique challenges faced by construction companies in Nigeria and how corporate governance practices influence their operations. By examining the regulatory landscape, industry dynamics, and specific case studies, we aim to shed light on the ways in which corporate governance shapes decision-making processes and impacts the overall performance of construction companies in Nigeria. As the nation continues to strive for economic growth and infrastructure development, a comprehensive understanding of the interplay between corporate governance and the construction sector becomes imperative for policymakers, industry practitioners, and stakeholders alike. Ricardo (2000).

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1.2 Statement of the Problem

The impact of corporate governance on construction companies in Nigeria is a critical issue that necessitates thorough investigation and analysis. Nigeria's construction sector plays a pivotal role in the nation's economic development, and effective corporate governance practices are essential for ensuring the sustainable growth and success of construction firms. However, there is a notable dearth of comprehensive research addressing the specific challenges and opportunities related to corporate governance within the Nigerian construction industry. This study aims to address this gap by examining the intricate relationship between corporate governance practices and the performance of construction companies in Nigeria. The key issues to be explored include the transparency of decision-making processes, the effectiveness of board structures, compliance with regulatory frameworks, and the overall impact of these factors on the financial and operational aspects of construction firms. As the Nigerian construction industry continues to evolve, understanding and enhancing corporate governance practices within these companies are imperative for fostering accountability, minimizing risks, and ultimately contributing to the sustainable development of the construction sector in the country. Top of Form

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1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine impact of corporate governance on construction companies in Nigeria. Specific objectives of the study are:

  1. 1.  Assess the relationship between specific corporate governance mechanisms and financial performance of construction companies in Nigeria.
  2. 2.  Examine the impact of corporate governance on the sustainability and social responsibility practices of construction companies in Nigeria.
  3. Investigate the effectiveness of corporate governance enforcement mechanisms in promoting good governance practices in Nigerian construction companies.

1.4 Research Questions

To guide the study and achieve the objectives of the study, the following research questions were formulated:

  1. To what extent does board composition (e.g., independence, diversity) influence the profitability and financial stability of construction companies in Nigeria?
  2. Does the presence of independent directors with expertise in environmental and social issues on boards of construction companies lead to increased adoption of sustainable construction practices and environmental management systems?
  3. How effective are the existing regulatory frameworks and enforcement mechanisms of the Securities and Exchange Commission and other relevant bodies in ensuring compliance with corporate governance codes by construction companies in Nigeria?

1.5 Research Hypothesis

The following research hypothesis was developed and tested for the study:

Ho: There is no statistical significant relationship between corporate governance   and construction companies in Nigeria.

1.6 Significance of the Study

The study is important for many reasons. The following are the major stakeholders this paper through its practical and theoretical implications and findings will be of great significance:

Firstly, the paper will benefit major stakeholders and policy makers in the Marketing sector. The various analysis, findings and discussions outlined in this paper will serve as a guide in enabling major positive changes in the industry and sub-sectors.

Secondly, the paper is also beneficial to the organizations used for the research. Since first hand data was gotten and analysed from the organization, they stand a chance to benefit directly from the findings of the study in respect to their various organizations. These findings will fast track growth and enable productivity in the organisations used as a case study.

Finally, the paper will serve as a guide to other researchers willing to research further into the subject matter. Through the conclusions, limitations and gaps identified in the subject matter, other student and independent researchers can have a well laid foundation to conduct further studies.

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study is delimited to Julius Berger. Findings and recommendations from the study reflects the views and opinions of respondents sampled in the area. It may not reflect the entire picture in the population.

1.8 Limitations of the Study

The major limitations of the research study are time, financial constraints and delays from respondents. The researcher had difficulties combining lectures with field work. Financial constraints in form of getting adequate funds and sponsors to print questionnaires, hold Focus group discussions and logistics was recorded. Finally, respondents were a bit reluctant in filling questionnaires and submitting them on time. This delayed the project work a bit.

1.9 Organization of the Study

The study is made up of five (5) Chapters. Chapter one of the study gives a general introduction to the subject matter, background to the problem as well as a detailed problem statement of the research. This chapter also sets the objectives of the paper in motion detailing out the significance and scope of the paper.

Chapter Two of the paper entails the review of related literature with regards to corporate governance and integrated reporting. This chapter outlines the conceptual reviews, theoretical reviews and empirical reviews of the study.

Chapter Three centers on the methodologies applied in the study. A more detailed explanation of the research design, population of the study, sample size and technique, data collection method and analysis is discussed in this chapter.

Chapter Four highlights data analysis and interpretation giving the readers a thorough room for the discussion of the practical and theoretical implications of data analyzed in the study.

Chapter Five outlines the findings, conclusions and recommendations of the study. Based on objectives set out, the researcher concludes the paper by answering all research questions set out in the study.


Sullivan, R. (2000). Entrepreneurial learning and mentoring. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behavior & Research, 6(3), 160-175.

Rwegasira, K. (2000). Corporate governance in emerging capital markets: Whither Africa? Corporate Governance: An International Review, 8(3), 258-267.

Muñoz, J. E. (2000). Feeling Brown: Ethnicity and Affect in Ricardo Bracho's" The Sweetest Hangover (And Other STDs)". Theatre Journal, 52(1), 67-79.