EFFECT OF SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES ON ORGANISATIONAL PERFORMANCE. A CASE STUDY OF TESCO.

INTRODUCTION

1.1     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

An appraisal of Social policy aims at identifying ways of meeting human needs for security, education, work, health and wellbeing (Lucinda Platt, 2018). Environmental policy concerns the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues. According to Eccleston, Charles H. (2010), the issue of Environmental and sustainable environment have been considered pertinent in our contemporary society issues by all governments and researchers globally. The present level of environmental challenges even calls for urgent drastic measures to mitigate the level of environmental pollutions and degradation in the environment in the face of human civilization. Social sustainability constitute the formal and informal processes; structures; systems; and relationships which facilitates the capacity of current and future generations to create and maintain a healthy and liveable environment. Socially sustainable goal focuses on providing an equitable, diverse, connected and democratic and good quality of life." Adams, W.M. (2006).  A further review of social sustainability by Social Life, a UK-based social enterprise consideres it interms of place-based innovation. They describe social sustainability as "a process and practice for creating sustainable, successful environment that facilitates wellbeing, by understanding the need of the people which are peculiar to their individual life and communities. Social sustainability takes into consideration the combination of the design physical realm with design of the social world, the infrastructure to facilitate social and cultural life, provision of social amenities, systems for citizen engagement and space for people and places to evolve (Partridge, 2005). Environmental sustainability also focuses on the factors and practice that contribute to the co quality of environment on a long-term basis (Woodcraft, S., et al. 2012). A significant impact of environmental policy lies on the incentives it gives firms to develop and introduce new environmental products and processes. Social policy aims to provide equal access to services and support between social groups defined by socio-economic status, race, ethnicity, migration status, gender, sexual orientation, disability and age, and between countries. The study seeks to proffer an appraisal on the effect of social and environmental policies on organizational performance.  A case study of Tesco.

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The increase nature of urbanization has led to increasing level of industrial and manufacturing activities which has resulted in environmental degradation as result of high pollutants and harmful emission of toxic substances in to the human environment .The conditions of certain regions are made worst due to oil spills emanating from the exploration activities of oil companies. The impact of this environmental degradation has exacted devastating consequences. Therefore, the call for actions to sustain the environment with the view of making a place for all and the future. A significant impact of environmental policy lies on the incentives it gives firms to develop and introduce new environmental products and processes. Social policy aims to provide equal access to services and support between social groups defined by socio-economic status, race, ethnicity, migration status, gender, sexual orientation, disability and age, and between countries. The problem confronting the study is focused on an appraisal on the effect of social and environmental policies on organizational performance.  A case study of Tesco.

1.3 OBJECTIVES   OF THE STUDY

The Main Objective of the study is to proffer an appraisal on the effect of social and environmental policies on organizational performance.  A case study of Tesco; The specific objectives include:

  1. To assess extent environmental and social policies affect organizational performance.
  2. To determine the effects of environmental policies on organizational performance in Nigeria.
  3.  To establish the effects of social policies on organizational performance in Nigeria.

1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS

    i.        To what extent do environmental and social policies affect organizational performance?

  ii.        What are the effects of environmental policies on organizational performance in Nigeria?

  1. iii.        What are the effects of social policies on organizational performance in Nigeria?

1.5 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS

Ho1: There is no significant social and environmental policies on organizational performance.

1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The study proffers an appraisal on the effect of social and environmental policies on organizational performance.  A case study of Tesco. It provides relevant data for the effective formulation and implementation of policies to enhance the realization of envisaged objective.

1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

The study proffers an appraisal on the effect of social and environmental policies on organizational performance.  A case study of Tesco.

1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study was confronted with logistics and geographical factors.

1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS

ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY DEFINED

Environmental policy concerns the laws, regulations, and other policy mechanisms concerning environmental issues.

SOCIAL POLICY DEFINED

Social policy aims at identifying ways of meeting human needs for security, education, work, health and wellbeing.

ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY DEFINED

Environmental sustainability also focuses on the factors and practice that contribute to the co quality of environment on a long-term basis.

SOCIAL SUSTAINABILITY DEFINED

Social sustainability constitute the formal and informal processes; structures; systems; and relationships which facilitates the capacity of current and future generations to create and maintain a healthy and liveable environment. Socially sustainable goal focuses on providing an equitable, diverse, connected and democratic and good quality of life.

CERTIFICATION DEFINED

Certification is a process of giving recognition to an individual for passing a prescribed examination.

EDUCATION DEFINED

Education is viewed as the process of inviting truth and possibility. It is the wise, hopeful and respectful cultivation of learning undertaken in the belief that all should have the chance to share in life.

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