THE PREVALENCE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIA THAT CAUSES PNEUMONIA AMONGST ELDERLY POPULATION OF 60 AND ABOVE AGES IN ABUJA

ABSTRACT

Pneumonia is an increasingly common disease in the elderly due to an aging population. In this study the prevalence of Streptococcus pneumonia (34%), which causes pneumonia amongst other organism that, causes pneumonia. The antibiotics sensitivity pattern was 25mm for ciprofloxacin and 20mm for Ceftolozane-Tazobactam.  Several models have been postulated to predict severity assessment and prognosis in older patients. Other organism isolated were Klebsiella pneumonia and Staphylococcus aureus at us (36%), and (30%) respectively.   

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1   Introduction ------------------------------------------------------------------------1-2

1.2   Etiology ----------------------------------------------------------------------------2

1.3   Aims and objectives ------------------------------------------------------------- 3

1.4   Limitation ------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3

 

CHAPTER TWO

   2.0 Literature review ---------------------------------------------------------------- 4-12

   2.1 Streptococcal pneumonia ------------------------------------------------------ 7-9

   2.3 The elderly population ---------------------------------------------------------- 9-10

   2. 4   Europe -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 10-12

CHAPTER THREE

   3.0 Materials and methods ----------------------------------------------------------- 13

   3.1 Equipment and solvents ---------------------------------------------------------- 13

   3.2 Sample collection --------------------------------------------------------------- 14-15

   3.3 Media preparation -------------------------------------------------------------- 15

   3.3.1 Preparation of media --------------------------------------------------------- 15-16

   3. 4 Selection and subculture of some selected Streptococcus colonies---- 16-17

   3.5 Gram staining of specimen --------------------------------------------------- 17

   3.6 Gram staining of colony isolated from subculture ------------------------- 17-18

   3.7 Antibiotics testing --------------------------------------------------------------- 18

   3.8 Biochemical test ------------------------------------------------------------------ 19

CHAPTER FOUR

     4.0 Result --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 20-36

     4.1 Result analysis ---------------------------------------------------------------- 36

CHAPTER FIVE

      5.0 Discussion --------------------------------------------------------------------- 43-45

      5.1 Conclusion --------------------------------------------------------------------- 45-46

      5.2 Recommendations------------------------------------------------------------- 46

       References ------------------------------------------------------------------------ 47-49.   

 

                                 LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES

 

Table 1:    Table listing the Gram positive, Gram negative organism and                                    fungi present in sputum.

Table 2:    Showing the result of gram staining charascter on microscope.

Table 3:    Showing the result for biochemical test culture characteristics inclusive.

Table 4:    Result and Description from Various Patients Sputum Cultured Of                            Elderly Population from the Three Hospital.

Table 5:    The age range and those affected.

Table 6:    Showing the result of the antibiotics test.

Table 7:    Abbreviation and meaning of all antibiotics used.

 

FIGURES

Figure 1: A Graph showing the rate of frequency distribution of organism on                             different patient sputum isolated.

Figure 2Streptococcus pneumonia showing a α- heamolysis on blood agar

Figure 3: Klebsiella pneumonia growing in blood agar

Figure 4:  Streptococcus pneumonia growth on chocolate agar.

Figure 5:  showing growth of Staphylococcus aureus on Nutrient agar.

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