COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM IN THE 21ST CENTURY NIGERIA PROBLEM AND PROSPECTS. CASE STUDY OF TSA –ACCOUNTING

CHAPTER ONE

Background To The Study

Accounting system is a system designed to record accounting transaction involving a business or event taking into cognizance the policies of the firm. According to Hartzell (2006) accounting system is the process of organizing, summarizing, recording and reporting financial transactions with the view of providing financial information to management to facilitate policy decisions, budgeting, preparing financial report and other financial approvals. Accounting system is viewed as formal systems which identify measure, accumulate, analyze, prepare, interpret and communicate accounting information of a business organization or institution.

Ama (2004). Accounting system is regulated by the organizations policies, rules, regulations, methods, procedures and techniques.

 

Accounting systems constitute the mechanism adopted for gathering and communicating the financial performance and position of the organization. The two major types of Accounting System include Manual Accounting system and Computerized Accounting System. The manual system involves the use of hand for the posting of accounting information into the various books of accounts of the firm. The computerized system involves the use of specialized machines as computer in gathering and processing of accounting information. It is also referred to as Electronic Data Processing (EDP) Accounting System. The applications of computer in accounting system involves the use of Word processor, Data base and Spread sheet .The research therefore seek to investigate  Computerized accounting system in the 21st century Nigeria problem and prospects. Case Study of TSA –Accounting

 

 

 

 

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The accounting system is besetted by some deficiencies. For example the computerized accounting system is exposed to the risk of data theft and loss either as result of power failure or from hackers. It is also exposed to fraud by those who can secretly have access to the system. Customer information could be tampered with in the process thereby leading to security breach. The management could be deterred in some cases where there is loss of data in executing legitimate projects and decision making. According to Vermaat and Shelly (2011) computers related problems include   health risks, the violation of privacy, public safety, the impact on the labor force, and the impact on the environment. Therefore the problem confronting the research is to appraise the Computerized accounting system in the 21st century Nigeria problem and prospects. Case Study of TSA –Accounting

 

 

 

 

 

 

1.3 Objectives of the Study

To determine the nature, problems and prospect of Computerized accounting system in the 21st century Nigeria

To appraise the nature, problem and prospects of TSA computerized accounting in the 21st century Nigeria.

 

1.4 Research Questions

What is the nature, problem and prospect of computerized Accounting

What is the nature; problem and prospect of TSA computerized Accounting

 

1.5 Significance of the Study

The study shall proffer a structural appraisal of computerized accounting system in the 21st century Nigeria problem and prospects. Case Study of TSA

 

 

1.6 Research Hypothesis

Ho The problem of TSA Computerized accounting system is Low

HI The problem of TSA Computerized accounting system is high

 

Ho The prospect of TSA Computerized accounting system is Low

Hi The prospect of TSA computerized accounting system is high

 

1.7 Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of computerized accounting system in the 21st century Nigeria problem and prospects. Case Study of TSA

 

1.8 Limitations of the Study

The research was confronted by some constraint including logistics and geographical factors

 

1.9 Definition of Terms

ACCONTING SYSTEM DEFINED

Accounting system is a system designed to record accounting transaction involving a business or event taking into cognizance the policies of the firm. According to Hartzell (2006) accounting system is the process of organizing, summarizing, recording and reporting financial transactions with the view of providing financial information to management to facilitate policy decisions, budgeting, preparing financial report and other financial approvals. Accounting system is viewed as formal systems which identify measure, accumulate, analyze, prepare, interpret and communicate accounting information of a business organization or institution.

Ama (2004). Accounting system is regulated by the organizations policies, rules, regulations, methods, procedures and techniques.

Accounting systems constitute the mechanism adopted for gathering and communicating the financial performance and position of the organization

 

 

 

COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING DEFINED

The two major types of Accounting System include Manual Accounting system and Computerized Accounting System. The manual system involves the use of hand for the posting of accounting information into the various books of accounts of the firm. The computerized system involves the use of specialized machines as computer in gathering and processing of accounting information. It is also referred to as Electronic Data Processing (EDP) Accounting System. The applications of computer in accounting system involves the use of Word processor, Data base and Spread sheet.

 

REFERENCES

 

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Chionye, L.E. (2003) Fundamentals of Accounting. Lagos: Bendons and Associates Publishers.

French, C. S. (1996) Computer Science. Canada: Fifth Edition: Nelson Education Limited.

Hartzell, D. (2006) Dictionary of Management. India: Academic Publishers.

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Ozo, ORO, Ani and Ugwu (2007). Introduction to Project Writing. Enugu New Dimension Publishers. Cxi

 

Omolehinws, E. (2009). Foundation of Accounting. Lagos: Punmak Nigeria Ltd. Publisher.

Stallings, W. (2010) Computer Organization and Architecture Upper Sadilte Reves. New Jersey: Pearson Education Inc.

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Tanembaum, A.S. (2010). Structural Computer Organization. U.S.A. Pearson Education Inc.

Vermatt, M.E. and Shelly, G.B. (2011) Discovering Computers 2011: Living in a Digital World, Computer: U.S.A: RRD Menasha Publishing.

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