THE IMPACT OF EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL PRODUCTIVITY (A CASE STUDY OF EMENITE, ENUGU)

ABSTRACT

The essence of this project research is to assess the impact of employed participation in Emenite Enugu and to ascertain the impact of employee participation on non-participation in management decision on productivity of the organization.

The study was designed with descriptive survey method and   library techniques and also questionnaire interview and library material were used in collecting data. A test retest technique was used in testing for reliability of the instrument.

A research question was posed and the understated hypothesis tested with chi-square method management staff makes decision without pre and post discussion and consultation with employee’s management of Emenite does not change decision when rejected by employees.

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title page

Certification

Dedication

Acknowledgment

Abstract

Table of contents

 

Chapter one

Introduction

1.1             Background of the study

1.2             Definition of problems

1.3             Objectives of the study

1.4             Research questions

1.5             Significance of the study

1.6             Scope of the study

1.7             Limitation of the study

1.8             Definitions of major terms

Chapter two  

2.1             Review of relevant/related literature

2.2             The concept of participation

2.3             Factors that influence participation

2.4             Prerequisites for participation

2.5             Forms of employee participation

2.6             Sufficient needs for participation constraint to participation

2.7             Argument for participation

2.8             Argument against participation

References

 

Chapter Three      

Research methodology

3.1             Source of data

3.2             Population of study

3.3             Determination of sample size

3.4             Sample technique

3.5             Selection and construction of research instrument

3.6             Administration of research instrument (questionnaires)

3.7             Instrument return rate  

 

Chapter four

Data presentation and analysis

4.1             Presentation of data

4.2             Analysis of data (testing of hypothesis)

 

Chapter five

Summary of findings recommendation and conclusion

5.1             Summary of findings

5.2             Recommendations

5.3             Conclusion

Bibliography

Appendices

Research questionnaire

Other materials used

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1             BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY 

Decision according to the oxford advance learner is the action of deciding a conclusion reached and a judgment arrived at.

Therefore decision-making is the most germane activities of management of multifarious organization ranging from small-scale organization to multinational corporations.

Decision-making styles through out organizations are changing because the task, the environment and the people have changed. We are no longer marching troops into battle; we do not want blind obedience. Competitive advantages is  now the result of employee making decision thinking being creative and asking questions.

When most managers are honest, they will acknowledge that their employee often have greater knowledge about the work than they do. Clearly, effectiveness can only be achieved with their total involvement management at time, see decision to the heart of their job in that, they must always choose what is to be done who will do it where and most at time now it will be done.

It is based on the above that the research wishes to assess the impact of employee participation in decision making and also on organization productivity in Nigeria public sector organization using Emenite  Plc as a case study.          

 

1.2             STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS 

In Nigeria today, there has been lot of controversy as to whether an employee should participate in managerial decision-making or not. Many writers argued that employees should contribute in making decision especially where it affects them or their job. It is expected that such participation will serve as training and testing ground for future members of upper management.

The authors maintained that qualified reasonably honest and company oriented individual are not available at these lower organizational level but the big question is are qualified individuals really available? These underlay the need for an investigation study.     


 

1.3             OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this research study is to asses the impact of employee’s participation in managerial decision making in public sector organization in Nigeria a with reference to EMENITE PLC THE MAIN OBJECTIVES ARE.

  1. To assess the impact of employee participation in management decision making EMENITE PLC
  2. To investigate the impact of employee participation in management decision on productivity o the organization
  3. To make recommendation based on the research finding         

 

1.4             RESEARCH QUESTION

In an effort to accomplishing this research work effectively and perfectly the research present the following

  1. To what extent do employee participate in decision makings
  2. Does management staff make decision without pre and post discussion and consultation with employee
  3. Does management changes decision when rejected by employee’s
  4. How often do employee meet to discuss with manager 

 

1.5             SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

In all aspect this research work will be relevant to the manager’s and employees of EMENITE PLC.

It will also be beneficial to other public sector organization in Nigeria. Also it will be of vital importance to government, academically potential and future researcher on the issue of employee participation in managerial decision making.

This empirical is also germane to the researcher since it is a partial requirement for the award of higher national diploma in public administration and management.      

 

1.6             SCOPE OF THE STUDY

Particularly this research work focuses on the impact of employee participation in decision making and organizational productivity using EMENITE PLC Enugu as a case study. 

 

1.7             LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

Do to the result of financial problems time constraints apathy on the part of respondents and bureaucratic procedures involved affected the study and makes the work uneasy to consummate or accomplish.

 

1.8             DEFINITION OF TERMS

i.        Decision making: This selection from among alternative of a course of action.

ii.       Productivity:  A measure of how well resource are brought together in organization and utilized for accomplishing a set result.

iii.      Management:  These is made up of top and middle level management. Top management includes shareholder boards of directors and managing director while the middle management includes heads of department manager deputy and assistant deputy.

iv.      Germane:   Relevant important or pertinent

v.       Heart of their job:  As it is used in the research work means their main job.

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