IMPACT OF EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE ON ECONOMIC INTEGRATION OF WEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES (A CASE STUDY EPZ, CALABAR)

ABSTRACT

In this research project Export Processing Zone (EPZ) is defined as zone designed and designated by the Government of a nation, to attract local foreign investment towards industrial development of export purposes. EPZ enterprises and developers enjoy a liberal operating environment with range of incentive provided by the EPZ Act (such as long period of tax holiday, high quality infrastructural at the zone etc) which enterprises outside the zone do not enjoy at the same rate.

 

Enterprises and projects to be operated within EZP are usually assessed based on the job creation, non-traditional export product development, technology transfer and training of workers, incremental productive investment and backward linkage with the nation economy. EZP Calabar is used in this project as a case study to appraise the impact of EZP in economic integration of West African countries.

 

The dissertation has focused on making theoretical and practical contribution to the impact of EZP not only in the West African sub region but generally in countries of the world, this study has been designed to weigh the costs relative to benefits of an EZP as a tool for economic development.

 

Various relevant literature, on ideas, studies and write-ups were used for this research topic, they were all blended together under different headings in the study to shed light on the impact of export: processing zones towards the economic development of a nation.

 

Specific; issues were dealt with such as re-statement of the research questions, the research design, characteristics of the study population, population and sampling, techniques of data collection, questionnaire assumption, questionnaire administration concept of reliability and procedure for processing and analyzing data.

 

Special analysis of the quest were made and the responses obtained in view of the need to answer the research questions were developed in chapter one of this study using percentage calculation as mat tools hr. analysis.

 

Various findings, suggestions and recommendations of immense benefits were revealed in the last chapter of this dissertation.

 

This study is a worthwhile exercise, knowledge impact, having theoretical and practical significance, which has provided insight on the Calabar EZP as a tool in fostering economic integration among countries of West African sub-region.

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