Rural development is a veritable tool for fighting poverty and achieving economic prosperity at the grass root level. The concept of rural development embrace by most countries connotes a process through which rural poverty-is alleviated by sustained increase in the productivity of agriculture and income of low-ncome workers and households. The major thrust of this research work examined the impact of agriculture on rural development in Nigeria. Six research questions and three hypothesis model were answered and tested respectively. This project was centered on research methodology to analyse the importance in social and economic advancement on the Nigeria economy in other to consider the shortcoming of the agricultural sector and to formulate policy option that will serve as a sort for improving the sector.