Many developing countries that are experiencing deepening crisis of confidence, manifested increase incidence of bad debts, large number of technically insolvent institutions, liquidity problems, accumulated losses and technically distressed institutions have now resorted to their financial sector reforms. These policies are usually carried out in the form of comprehensive Structural Adjustment Programmes. Thus the object of this study is to analyse the effect of financial sector reforms on the performance of the banking institutions in Nigeria.

In carrying out this research work, data were obtained through the use of secondary data. This data comprises of information collected through uses of relevant journals, newspaper, internet, seminar papers, CBN Annual Reports, CBN statistical bulletin. Besides, multiple regression analysis method was used to test the hypothesis in order to arrive at a logical conclusion.

The findings of the study depicts that market capitalization was influenced by total credit, total investment, total deposit, bank loans and advances and number of bank branches in operation.

However, recommendations were given to both the government and the banks on how best to improve the financial sector. Such recommendations may include strengthening the supervisory agency and the attitude of banks to customers in general. With implementation of the aforementioned recommendations, there is an assurance that banking sub-sector of the Nigerian financial sector will experience a positive performance in the economy growth. The study has been subdivided into five parts with each aspect dealing with different aspects of the subject matter to follow a sequence.

The first part deals with the introductory aspect, the second part embodied a review of related literature. The methodology of the study is dealt with in part three. Part four incorporates the presentation, analysis and interpretation of data collected from the field while the final part dealt with conclusion and recommendations.

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