This research work examines the effect of deregulation of the oil sector on the Nigerian Economy, it examines the definition, reasons modes, theories, problems as well as the solution to deregulation and its relation to privatization policy in the course of carrying out the investigation, hypothesis were stated and literature like magazine, textbooks, information from the internet, newspapers and questionnaires were prepared, and used in order to effectively and critically examines this issues and how it affects the general public with a view of making recommendation on how best to ensure the effective implementation of the policy. This project provides a background information of the topic of discussion with the purpose of assessing the effects of deregulation of oil sector on the Nigerian economy and examines the reasons, problems and solutions to deregulation. In an attempt to carryout this investigation, the study centred around the down stream oil sector with specific reference to the Nigerian economy
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The economic system practiced by any country determines the type of economic policy that country produces, that is determines the monopoly of power of power in production and distribution activities with special reference to the ownership, decision making as well as incentive structure operating in the country. Karl Polory (1964) distinguishes three (3) main types of economic system as the traditional (subsistence) planned (command) and market economy. However, the field of comparative economic system breaks the above categories into the capitalism, socialism and communism.
The economic system operative in Nigeria are basically the capitalism, socialism and communism system. But with the collapse of the communism and socialism economic policies in 1986 to give rise to a unipolar economic system-capitalism the policy of “deregulation” has been found expedient to implement.
This policy (deregulation) was first mooted during the military era but was given fillip by the present administration.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The problems surrounding the deregulation of oil sector which this research topic aims to investigate are:
Does deregulation affect the price of petroleum?
Does deregulation affect the price of goods and services?
Does deregulation encourage the growth of the economy?
Does deregulation improve the standard of living of the people?
1.3 PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The major objectives of this study are to access
1) The effects of deregulation of the oil sector on the Nigerian economy.
2) The season and problems of deregulation of the Nigeria oil sector.
3) To proffer solution based on findings on the study that will be useful for deregulation policy and achievement of stable balance of payments.
1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The scope of this project will centre around the deregulation of the down stream sector as it affects other sectors of the economy with specific reference.
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
This study is significant in the sense that it looks into the deregulation of the Nigeria oil sector as a means of liberalizing the economy and encouraging competition hence, this study is beneficial to both academicians and non academicians as it will enable them know, and it will also suggest solutions to some of the problems associated with the policy.
1.6 HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY
To empirically carry out this research, the following hypotheses have been formulated for testing.
a) Ho 1: deregulation of the oil sector does not significantly affect the pump price of petroleum products.
b) Ho 2: deregulation of the oil sector does affects significantly the pump price of petroleum products.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The major limitation of this study is that the period of time given by the College for the study would not allow for an in-depth coverage of all the issues connected with the topic under study and collection of related information.
A certain information analyze some observation may not be accessible e.g. independent marketers operation records may be regarded as strictly confidential and would not be developed to the research. And lastly finance is another constraint to an indebt study of this topic.