UNDERSTANDING THE RESEARCH ONION: AN ILLUSTRATION
December 29, 2016 By Chidi Rafael
The research onion is used in explaining the research methodology for the study with the research onion framework adopted from Saunders & Lewis (2012). This is presented in figure 3.1. The approach taken in using the research onion framework is to go from the outer layer to the inner layer of the research onion. Read More>>>
8 COMMON MISTAKES STUDENTS MAKE WHEN EMBARKING ON THEIR RESEARCH STUDIES
Septembre 30, 2016 By Divine Nwachukwu
Embarking on a research work is compulsory for every student who intends to graduate one day and as at when due. Research works are one of the final and most vital rituals in the curriculum for final year students. A lot of students who embark on their research studies may not actually know the little mistakes that may cost them their graduation or good grades. I have taken upon myself to educate students on the little mistakes students must pay attention to and avoid making during their research undertakings. Read More >>>
CHOOSING A SUITABLE CASE STUDY FOR YOUR RESEARCH
November 23, 2015 By Divine Nwachukwu
Choosing a suitable case study for a research is an essential part of the process of carrying out a research or study. A case study simply put is that geographical location or kind of data that would make your research to be judged powerful. A research is said to be powerful if the case study of that research reflects the hypothesis for the topic under study. In choosing a suitable case study for your research or study, one has to consider: Read More>>>
HOW TO GET YOUR PROJECT SUPERVISOR TO QUICKLY APPROVE YOUR PROJECT TOPIC
November 20, 2015 By Divine Nwachukwu
Approval of a project topic by your supervisor takes more than just a “supposedly good topic”. Projects or research are a technical write up that has to be relevant and all-encompassing in achieving its goals of improving the body of knowledge. Most researchers or students have been finding it difficult to get their project topics approved by their lecturers or project supervisors known as their project or research supervisors.so if you find yourself in this little problem of getting your project topic approved by your project supervisor, then follow this tips and unique tricks used to buy your supervisors heart to approve both my topic and also all you from chapter one to charter five. Below are the simple things that would get your supervisor approve your project topic without delay Read More>>>
HOW TO DRAFT EXCELLENT PRELIMINARY PAGES IN RESEARCH WRITING
November 13, 2014 By Divine Nwachukwu
For a research to be termed acceptable to your research coordinator or project supervisor, the preliminary pages of the work must be all encompassing and concise enough to make great meaning. Preliminary pages are those write ups that come before the chapter one of every project or research work.
Standard preliminary pages has the following features in these chronological order
HOW TO WRITE A LETTER OF PERMISSION TO CONDUCT RESEARCH IN AN ORGANIZATION
November 5, 2015 By Divine Nwachukwu
For any meaningful and worthwhile to be carried out, data from either a secondary or primary means of data collection are required. In other to gain entrance to organizations understudy to carry out a research, a formal permission has to be employed to enable a welcome reception and a conducive environment for your research. Writing a letter of permission to conduct research in any organization basically comes in two ways. Read More>>>
SECRETS TO DRATFING A TOP NOTCH QUESTIONNAIRE FOR RESEARCH/SURVEY PURPOSES
October 26, 2015 By Divine Nwachukwu
The importance of questionnaires in research purposes cannot be over emphasized. Questionnaires are a set of printed or written questions with a choice of answers in a given rank or order, specially devised for the purpose of a survey or a statistical study. It can also be a written set of questions that are given to people in order to collect facts or opinions about a particular topic of interest. This is chiefly a research or survey questions asked to respondents and designed to extract specific information or response. Questionnaires basically serve four basic purposes. Read More>>>
ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT THE NUC THESIS AWARD
September 17, 2015 By Ugochi Juliet
The enormous achievements in development in most of the developed countries comes mainly through research. This made former president Goodluck Jonathan to task the nation universities in the art of research. Following this mandate by the federal government, the regulatory body of all universities in the nation, the Nigerian Universities Commission (NUC) has been introducing various commendable schemes and awards to advance the standard of education in the country as well promote research among university students.
THE UNWRITTEN RULES OF PhD RESEARCH
September 2015, By Ugochi Juliet
The highest level of education that exists is the PhD. While it can be frustrating and tiring, your dissertation, which is your final result is a very rewarding thing for you and a major achievement in your life. With a zeal to help PhD students with their thesis, the duo of Dr. Gordon Rugg and Dr. Marian Petre wrote the book - The Unwritten Rules of PhD Research. This is a no-holds-barred look about what you as an individual needs to know when it comes to PhD research. . Read More>>>
DON'TS AND DO'S OF PROJECT WRITING AND PRESENTATION
September 17, 2015. By Ugochi Juliet
Project writing and presentation is a prerequisite of getting a degree by a student, either for graduate degree or postgraduate degree. You need to read widely and extensively so you can have a lot of materials, combined with what your lecturers thought you, to write a very good project. After the write-up, comes the presentation. To make a good presentation of your project, there are some rules you need to adhere to. There are some do’s and don’ts you should stick to, to make sure that your project presentation goes well. First let’s see the don’ts, the things you should not do. Read More>>>
HOW TO APPLY FOR SCHOLARSHIP IN NIGERIA AND LIST OF SCHOLARSHIPS AVAILABLE TO NIGERIAN STUDENTS
September 17, 2015. By Ugochi Juliet
Many Nigerian students require some form of financial help to further their studies. Sometimes they may need this money to travel abroad and complete their studies. This can be obtained through scholarships and grants. There are many scholarships and grants available to Nigerian students either to help them complete their education here in the country or to travel abroad for their schooling. These scholarships are provided by government, non-governmental organisation, international agencies, individuals, educational institutions and corporations. . Read More>>>
5 INCREDIBLE SAMPLE SIZE CALCULATORS EVERY RESEARCHER MUST HAVE
September 26, 2015 By Divine Nwachukwu
In statistics, determination of sample size to be used for research has generated a lot of controversy. Sample size and power estimation is an important concern for researchers undertaking research projects but most often than not they have been misunderstood or ignored completely.
What is sample size?
According to inferential and descriptive statistics, sample size of any population is a subset or a smaller unit of the main population on which a research is to be carried out. For the outcome of any research about a population to be generalized, the sample size has to be able to explain the characteristics of the main population under study. Read More>>>
THE AWESOME LITERATURE REVIEW
May 23, 2015 By Chidi Rafael
Welcome to the second series of my planned four series on the theme ‘Secret Revealed: Discover what your supervisor is looking for and how your project is graded’. Without a doubt undoubtedly, the first series which covered the proposal and introductory chapter of a research project was a great read.
This second series will reveal to you my awesome reader what supervisors’ look out for in your literature review. So, as usual enjoy! Read More>>>
HYPOTHESIS FOR BEGINNERS: A STEP BY STEP GUIDE ON APPLYING THE RIGHT HYPOTHESIS FOR A RESEARCH STUDY
Dec 28, 2014 By Japheth A. Yaya
Hypothesis is a testable prediction, a statement of specific results or a suggested answer to a research problem or a conjectural statement of the relationship between two or more variable being investigated or a deduction from a postulate (Akinade&Owolabi, 2009; Awoniyi, Aderanti&Tayo, 2011; Cherry, 2014).It can be regarded as the suggested answer to a research objective and problem. It is an idea or guess regarding how the researcher thinks the results of a study will look like. Simply put, it is a tentative assumption, supposition, guess, inference, explanation or prediction about some phenomenon that can be tested in a reasonable time frame. It is always put in declarative statement to relate the research variables to each other generally or specifically.While the hypothesis predicts what the researchers expect to see, the goal of research is to determine whether this guess is right or wrong (Cherry, 2014). >>>Read More Here
TIME MANAGEMENT TIPS IN RESEARCH: 10 THINGS TO NOTE
Dec 27, 2014 By Austine Archibong
Research work could take the most unexpected twist and turn. It is a nerve-racking experience. Usually, if approached in a haphazard manner, valuable time could be lost. In big research corporations, each researcher has a set of responsibilities and area of focus, this might help and aid timely completion of research work. However, in personal or unstructured research work, these tips on time management is life-saving. Without any bias to any form of research, these tips are generally applicable. >>>Read More Here
REF 101: THE NITTY-GRITTY OF REFERENCING IN RESEARCH
December 13, 2014 By Austine Archibong
I once stumbled upon a sentence that greatly inspired me. The saying goes thus: Every writer is a thief! Certainly you'd be quick to dispute that. The thing is, we were born without the knowledge we have now garnered overtime, it is the work of others that we have digested to become this informed.
In research, it is usual that there would be an in-depth digging of past and similar work. It is required that due credit is given to the author of what-so-ever sentence, experimental work, or excerpt adapted into your work. This is to acknowledge their efforts, sponsor hard-work and discourage theft of any form. This also helps the readers/reviewers of your work locate the past work and go over.
Plagiarism - claiming someone else's work as yours is a terrible offence and a laugh-off of creativity. This is strongly discouraged in all climes. Hence, the need for this guide. >>>Read More Here
A STEP BY STEP GUIDE ON RESEARCH PROJECT WRITING FOR UNIVERSITIES, COLLEGES OF EDUCATION AND POLYTECHNICS IN NIGERIA
December 21, 2014 By Austine Archibong
Undergraduate research project is an independent effort required of students in tertiary institutions. The students, though supervised by an academic staff, are to carry out a pre-determined research within the constraints of their study.
The supervisor is primarily to receive proposals of the research interest, approve it, provide guidance and assess the work at the end. An external supervisor is usual, to provide an external and independent assessment of their research work.>>>Read More Here
REVIEW: DATA ANALYSIS SOFTWARES AVAILABLE FOR RESEARCHERS
December 15, 2014 By Samuel Ekpo
During or after research, there is usually a need to analyze; to present the information gotten in a presentable and easily understood format.
There are numerous packages or softwares that could be used to achieve this.
The choice of the method to use in the analysis depends on the function to be achieved. However, even for the same function, there are multiple means of analysing data, hence, certain things should be noted.
The method might be based on the popularity of the option in your environ. It might be based also on what you were taught with in school. It might be specially required for the kind of work you are doing. Possible options are discussed below. All options have their pros and cons.>>>Read More Here
5 SECONDS QUICK EDITING GUIDE FOR MICROSOFT WORD
December 18, 2014 By Oyeniyi Ifedayo Samuel
Most researches would require that you submit a copy of your findings after your research. The commonest means of doing this is by the use of Microsoft word. This has been in existence for long and the knowledge of its use is expected even before admission into most tertiary institutions. Yet, the submissions from students, and researchers generally, show that they lack this knowledge; are not enforced strictly to comply with guidelines; are just lazy or they do not just edit their work at the end, after all the apparent work. This just screams unprofessionalism and recklessness.' >>>Read More Here
HOW TO MAINTAIN AN HEALTHY STUDENT-SUPERVISOR RELATIONSHIP
December 08, 2014 By Samuel Ekpo
This is a common issue in the course of researching in an academic situation. The ideologies of the supervisor and the students might not always be similar.
This should however be handled with caution as a strained relationship would affect the tone of the research work, the drive of both parties, the final grade assigned to the student and the psyche of the student even. The conflict here is assumed nothing physical but any that might hinder or slow down the pace of work between both parties. >>>Read More Here
HANDLING GROUP RESEARCH
December 04, 2014 By Austine Archibong
We were assembled. We argued. We were at each other's throats. Then we settled. We laughed hard. We played, prayed and hoped. Together. We presented. We failed. We were blamed altogether. Then we pointed accusing fingers at each other. Finally, we accepted our fate and moved on.
This is a condensed depiction of what happened in a group research project I was recently involved in. You see in life, at some point we would all have to be engaged in group work of some sort. >>>Read More Here
HOW TO ACE THE 25 MOST COMMON PROJECT DEFENSE QUESTIONS
Below are likely questions you may face in a defense room. Take note of these questions and suggested answers, do good by researching more and not limiting yourself to just these questions.
Question 1: In few sentences, can you tell us what your study is all about?
The question is simple right? Many professors will tell you that most students get choked on a question like this. Anyways the question is simple, but a bit technical. To answer this question, you need to know every detail of your research project from chapters one to the end. The question needs an answer in form of a summary of the entire study, therefore, to ace this particular question you need to know every detail in your abstract. If you wrote a good abstract, this question will be a cross over for you. >>>Read More Click Here
AVOIDING PLAGIARISM: SMART TIPS TO APPLY
August 23, 2014 By Chidi Rafael
This power packed article will reveal awesome tips that will aid you in avoiding plagiarism and getting ahead of your supervisor. Even the likes of Turnitin, Viper, and Plagtracker etc will never see your brake lights. Enjoy! This power packed article will reveal awesome tips that will aid you in avoiding plagiarism and getting ahead of your supervisor. Even the likes of Turnitin, Viper, and Plagtracker etc will never see your brake lights. Enjoy! This power packed article will reveal awesome tips that will aid you in avoiding plagiarism and getting ahead of your supervisor. Even the likes of Turnitin, Viper, and Plagtracker etc will never see your brake lights. Enjoy! >>>Read it Here
HOW TO DEVELOP A GOOD TABLE OF CONTENT
August 05, 2014 By Ugochi Juliet
Once you decide to write a book, a novel or any type of essay, you might be met with the popular writer’s block. One of the ways of eliminating the writer’s block is to create a table of contents for the essay. This is because the table of contents will now give you guidelines to write your essay.
Do you know that an essential part of your essay writing is the table of contents? Sure because it the part that shows the reader the organisation and division of the information in your report. So do you know how to write it? Did you answer no? Ok don’t worry. This article will teach you how to write a table of contents. Read More
4 WAYS YOU CAN CONTRIBUTE TO THE BODY OF KNOWLEDGE
The essence of research is to find more knowledge and add to the existing body of knowledge. How has your study contributed to the Body of Knowledge? This is one question students especially at the Masters or PhD level must answer one day. The body of knowledge (BOK) encompasses every field of study from medicine to soap making and even our regular sports. You may choose to look at it as a vast library that needs constant updates from brilliant and creative minds to solve newer issues in the society. If you do not contribute, posterity may suffer because they cannot rely on old data and theories to survive and keep up with the pace at which the world is evolving today coupled with rapid growth in technology. Just imagine if we were to be using research studies on Malaria conducted in 1890 to cure Malaria today...imagine how many people that will die as a result of no current work to show that nutrition has improved, life styles have changed, hygiene is getting better, mosquitoes are getting smarter, newer herbs and chemicals exist-now that is the essence of research! So do not feel bad when asked if your work will or has added to existing knowledge. Read More
SECRET REVEALED: DISCOVER WHAT YOUR SUPERVISOR IS LOOKING FOR AND HOW YOUR PROJECT IS GRADED
Being a ‘regular customer’ to your project supervisor is something now common among many Nigerian final year students. Believe it or leave it! Some students can meet their project supervisors up to 15 times before they scale through chapter one. If you are having headache convincing your supervisor to approve your chapter one or proposal, then this article is for you. You are welcome to my first part of ‘Discover what your supervisor is looking for in your project work’. This first series will cover the proposal/introductory sections of your research work. As we all know, good grades do not just fall from heaven-it takes hard work and favor from God. Before you submit that seminar paper or research paper with the caption ‘submitted in partial fulfillment for the award of a degree’…. Your work must be good enough. Read More
A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE TO RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
June 10, 2014 By Japheth A. Yaya
Research can simply be described as a diligent and scientific enquiry or investigation into a subject or problem in order to come up with the latest discovery (ies) so as to resolve an identified societal problem. In any field of knowledge, research is very important as it enables the researcher to discover new ground to cover in meeting human needs and thereby makes society worth living. Research is the bedrock of any serious minded scholar which he/she has to carry out in order to salvage a decaying economy of a nation and also sustain development for his country. Read More
CHOOSING THE RIGHT MEASUREMENT INSTRUMENT : TIPS TO APPLY
May 17, 2014 By Japheth A. Yaya
Measurement instrument refers to various methods through which a researcher obtains data from respondents for his research work. The term data refers to all forms of information that researchers obtain from the participant of the study. Adedokun (2003:57) asserts that data refers “to any fact, observation or facts relating to the subject of the study”. There are different types of measurement instruments that can be used by researchers for their studies; it depends on the nature of research that is to be carried out. In this write up, we shall discuss various measurement instruments that can be used alongside with studies that are suitable for them. Read More
HOW TO WRITE A GOOD ABSTRACT ABSTRACT
Due to numerous emails students keep sending to me concerning difficulties they face when trying to write a good and standard abstract, I have decided to pick up my pen once again, do some research and tackle this issue once and for all. Writing an abstract in an important phase in the research process; hence in-order to make good grades with your research project and impress your readers, one must be familiar with the techniques of writing a good, concise and standard abstract. Before I discourse on how to write a good abstract, let’s talk a bit about an abstract. Is it a bird or an insect? Absolutely not a bird or an insect, an abstract in simple terms is a summary of a research project, thesis. Dissertation, research journal etc. abstracts are usually seen at the beginning of research paper...Read More
HOW TO DEVELOP OUTSTANDING RESEARCH TOPICS
Just like news headlines, your research project topic is your first selling point. If media houses do not caption a football match between Nigeria and Ghana as 'Nigeria and Ghana goes to War again' they may continue enjoying being broke. In essence, your project topic and the material you produce should be captivating. It should have the magical power to draw people’s interest, and achieve good grades for you. Your ability to come up with an interesting and good research project topic is your first step in building an 'A' in Research Methodology. Fantastic research papers in Nigeria do not fall from heaven. They come about as a result of serious brainstorming mixed with great fun. Anyways in my little experience as an independent researcher, I do not entirely agree that developing a project topic should be too tasking. I rather see it as fun...Read More
MAKING AWESOME PRESENTATIONS: TIPS FOR PROJECT DEFENSE
Just imagine a project defense room where you are presenting your research work in such an awesome way, and your panel members just can’t stop nodding, gazing at you with their mouths wide open and clapping non-stop for you…It is just an imagination, so wake up! Put more work to it by reading this article, apply it and pray your panel members do not turn your project defence to project attack! Project defense has come to stay, and the only way to graduate in Nigerian universities is to at least defend what you have written (or copied and paste) in a convincing manner. Gone are the days when you could just copy and paste an article from the internet and dump for your school. Our Nigerian school system is changing from dumping grounds to speech oriented institutions, which means that you must be good at presentations in order to scale through. At times students confuse themselves with content of their work. The truth is that it is better to be more confident with a poor content, than to be un-able to defend an excellent research work...Read More